Halfway between Haifa and Tel Aviv and on our way to Jerusalem, we stopped at the City of Caesarea to visit the famous Caesarea Aqueduct built along the beach of the Mediterranean Sea (the southern portion of the aqueduct).
Caesarea Maritima now the modern city of Caesarea was built by King Herod between 25-13 BC. As the city’s population grew, it needed fresh water supply and it was not easily available in the city. Hence, Herod built the first aqueduct to supply fresh water for the city. Water source came from the southern side of Mt Carmel which is about 10 km away form Caesarea. In 2 AD, a second aqueduct was built forming what we now see as the famous parallel high level aqueducts. Both were used for over 1,200 years until it was beyond repair. In 12 AD, the Crusaders built the third aqueduct, though smaller in scale compared to the two precious aqueducts. And during the Byzantine period, the fourth aqueduct was built.
An aqueduct is bridge that carries water or where water passes through. It’s like an elevated water canal.
Today, the aqueduct of Caesarea is no longer in use. It now serves as a landmark and a national treasure of Israel reminding the world of once great city built in Judea.
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