The Great Wall of China is perhaps Beijing’s most famous tourist attraction. Not all areas however of the great wall can be visited by tourists. There are only certain designated areas that can be explored. The Great Wall is one of the cultural heritages of China, which is one of the most magnificent man-made project in the world, it lies across the northern part of China like a great dragon, winding its way through the vast territory of China stretching over 6000km. It is also the only human work that can be seen from the moon.
The tour package I purchased made us visit the section called Badaling. From our hotel in downtown, we were picked up by our guide and went with the private tour. The drive is roughly almost two hours. The sight from downtown to Great Wall is the usual urban landscape. Then we finally arrived at Badaling Fortress, and got our ticket.
Badaling Great Wall is located more than 70 kilometers northwest from the center of Beijing City, occupies a commanding and strategic position. Badaling is the best-preserved section of the Great Wall. It was built in the 18th year of the Ming Hong Zhi reign (1505). The wall was built with high stone slabs outside, it is 7.8 meters high on average, some even reaches 8.4meters. The base of the wall was built with more than 2000 large rectangular slabs of granite stones. It is about 6.5 meters wide and 5.7 meters wide on average on the ramparts. The wall is wide enough for five horses to gallop abreast and ten people to advance shoulder by shoulder. The outside of the wall is called rampart wall. The rampart wall was built with bricks as 1.7 meters high.
Inside the wall, there are low walls with one meter high called parapets, which can be used as railings. There is a scroll door not far from the inside wall, with is a stone ladder for climbing up and down. The wall is narrow on the top and broad on the bottom forming an adder-shape structure. This made the wall stands firmly on the rise and fall ridges. The wall was built with 10-14 rectangular slabs of stones surround its outside, filled with soilsand stones in the middle, and paved with square bricks on the top between the bricks were stuck with lime stones. This makes the wall tidy, beautiful, and firm. There are gutters with gargoyles to drain rain-water off the parapet wall.
The landscape of Badaling Great Wall changes every season with numerous scenery to catch one’s attention. I went on a winter but there were no snow. I was told that spring and fall are the best seasons to see the Great Wall.
After the morning excursion at the Great Wall, we dropped by a local handicrafts shop and had lunch at the Golden Palace.